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Dr. Amy Doherty

Let us seek health for ourselves, our community, and our world.

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This month’s discussion will be on “Understanding the Diabetic Diet and Label Reading”, led by Emily Kraemer, Dietitian at Divine Savior Healthcare.   

It’s the third Wednesday of every month, so that’s this Wednesday the 18th!

Sunday Morning Brunch- Tofu Scramble and Griddled Portobello

Sunday brunch is both delicious and healthy. If you are having white flour pancakes with butter and maple syrup or full fat bacon and eggs, then it may be delicious but you will also be getting your full day’s supply of calories in one meal without a lot of nutrition. No thanks… here’s a healthy spin on typical Sunday brunch fare to make sure you start off your week both healthy AND satisfied.

Comparison of nutrients in a 100 gram serving of typical brunch fare (bacon) to the updated fare (portobello recipe). Percentages refer to % daily value and was obtained from nutritiondata.self.com/

Griddled Portobello (one full cap, 100 grams) Bacon, 100 grams
Calories per servings144 cal, 14 grams of fat (mostly from added avocado oil), 4.9 g carb541 cal, 42 grams of fat, 1.4 g carb
Other nutrients per servingThis recipe has anti-inflammatory spices like paprika and garlic added during the cooking process that reduce risk of disease.

2.2 grams fiber

* Calcium 4.0 mg 0%
* Iron 0.6 mg 3%
* Magnesium 15.0 mg 4%
* Phosphorus 150 mg 15%
* Potassium 521
mg
15%
* Sodium 700.0 mg
0% (if using low-salt version of recipe has minimal salt)
* Zinc 0.7 mg 5%
* Copper 0.5 mg 25%
* Manganese 0.1 mg
4%
*Selenium 17.7 mcg
25%
Has nitrates added during the curing process, which becomes nitrosamine during the cooking process- a cancer forming compound.

Contains no fiber.

* Calcium 11.0 mg
1%
* Iron 1.4 mg 8%
* Magnesium 33.0 mg 8%
* Phosphorus 533 mg 53%
* Potassium 565 mg
16%
* Sodium 1030 mg 43%
* Zinc 3.5 mg 23%
* Thiamin 0.4 . mg, 27%
* Riboflavin 0.3 mg, 16% of daily value
* Niacin 11.1 mg, 56%
* Vitamin B6 . 0.3 mg, 17% daily value

Griddled Portobello – serves 4

Ingredients

  • 4 portobello mushroom caps, sliced into 1/2 inch thick pieces
  • 1/4 cup of oil consisting of a mixture of 2 tablespoons toasted sesame oil (optional) and fill the rest of the quarter cup up with avocado oil (or other oil with high smoke point)
  • 1/8 cup soy sauce, 1/8 cup balsamic vinegar *** If you are trying to avoid salt for reasons like blood pressure, you can use Harissa and red wine vinegar for soy sauce, see end of recipe***
  • 1 teaspoon smoked paprika
  • 1 teaspoon garlic powder (bonus points if you have smoked or roasted garlic powder)
  • freshly grated pepper to taste

Directions

1.) Combine oil, vinegar and/or soy sauce, and seasonings.

2.) Marinate mushroom slices in the above mixture for at least 10 minutes.

3.) Warm a cast iron griddle to medium heat.

4.) Place sliced mushrooms onto a cast iron griddle. Cook for several minutes on each side; enough to brown but not blacken the slices.

5.) Line a plate with a layer of paper towels. Use spatula or tongs to place mushroom slices on the plate with paper towels, and pat off any excess fat. Serve warm.

*** Low-salt version: Use 1/8 cup red wine vinegar mixed with one teaspoon no salt Harissa (a Middle Eastern spice blend) and use this instead of soy sauce if you need to limit salt intake***

Tofu scramble– serves 4

Ingredients

  • 1 large or 2 small/medium onions
  • 2 blocks of tofu
  • 1/2 cup Nutritional Yeast
  • 1/2 tablespoon turmeric
  • 2 teaspoons ground cumin
  • An all purpose seasoning like Cavender’s all purpose Greek seasoning, or, for low-sodium version, Bragg’s Sprinkles… I normally use 4-5 shakes of either but again it’s to taste.
  • freshly ground black pepper to taste

Directions

1.) Dice onion, then saute in a few tablespoons of water until translucent. Add more water if the water completely evaporates off.

2.) Combine other ingredients in a bowl with a potato masher.

3.) Add the tofu mixture to the onion, add more water or a tablespoon of a high smoke point oil so it doesn’t burn, saute for about 5 minutes until warm and serve.

Summer Ratatouille- it’s just that time of year

We ended up getting a collection of fantastic summer veggies from our local Community Supported Agriculture Share- Orange Cat Community Farm.* I couldn’t wait to make this reeks-of-summer dish with the tomatoes, summer squash, onion, and eggplant we received in the share, along with some basil, parsley and thyme from my own yard. I know I already discussed Ratatouille in a previous post last summer/late fall, but I just can’t help myself I love it so much. It’s like warm apple cider in the fall or asparagus in the spring… Ratatouille IS summer bounty. And this time I have an actual recipe instead of just suggestions.

Ingredients

for 6 servings 

Nutrition info/serving: Calories 164, Fat 5 g, Carbs 26 g, Fiber 8 grams, Sugar 15 g, Protein 5 g

VEGGIES!

The numbers are empiric; the idea is to have about equal numbers of slices of all the different colored veggies, so if that’s 2 large brandywine tomatoes cut to fit or 20 cherry tomatoes or 6 roma, as long as you’re eating the veggies that’s all that counts… and if the colors alternate it’s pretty, too.
  • 2 eggplants
  • 6 roma tomatoes
  • 2 yellow squashes
  • 2 zucchinis
  • 2 lemons plus extra juice to squeeze on top

SAUCE

  • img_81692 tablespoons olive oil
  • 1 onion, diced
  • 4 cloves garlic, minced.  Also a dash of smoked or roasted garlic powder is always a nice addition if you have it.
  • 1 red bell pepper, diced
  • 1 yellow bell pepper, diced
  • salt, to taste
  • pepper, to taste (freshly ground is the most yummy)
  • 28 oz can of crushed tomatoes
  • 2 tablespoons chopped fresh basil, from 8-10 leaves

HERB SEASONING

  • img_81792 tablespoons chopped fresh basil, from 8-10 leaves
  • 1 teaspoon garlic, minced
  • 2 tablespoons Chopped fresh parsley
  • 2 teaspoons fresh thyme (or tarragon)
  • salt, to taste
  • pepper, to taste
  • 4 tablespoons olive oil

  1. Preheat the oven for 375˚F.
  2. Slice the eggplant, tomatoes, squash, zucchini and lemon into approximately ¹⁄₁₆-inch (1-mm) rounds, then set aside. If you have a mandoline, that makes this really easy.
  3. Make the sauce: Heat the olive oil in a 12-inch oven-safe pan over medium-high heat. Sauté the onion, garlic, and bell peppers until soft, about 10 minutes. Season with salt and pepper, then add the crushed tomatoes. Stir until the ingredients are fully incorporated. Remove from heat, then add the basil. Stir once more, then smooth the surface of the sauce with a spatula.
  4. Arrange the sliced veggies and lemon in alternating patterns, (for example, eggplant, tomato, squash, zucchini) on top of the sauce from the outer edge to the middle of the pan. Stick a lemon slice in there every so often until the entire two lemons are used up. Season with salt and pepper, spritz with a little more lemon juice either from another lemon or a container of lemon juice. Cover the pan with foil and bake for 40 minutes. Uncover, then bake for another 20 minutes, until the vegetables are softened.
  5. Mix herb seasoning ingredients and pour over the cooked ratatouille.
  6. Serve while hot as a main dish or side. The ratatouille is also excellent the next day–cover with foil and reheat in a 350˚F (180˚C) oven for 15 minutes, or simply microwave to desired temperature.
  7. Enjoy!

*Regarding Orange Cat Community Farm– it’s a great local Community Supported Agriculture farm to support, meaning you don’t ship veggies in from California on a truck or a plane to eat them… they are grown right where we live so it is fresher, tastes amazing every time, and keeps money and resources in our local community!

Strawberry-Rhubarb Pie

It’s that time of year- the time of rhubarb and strawberry peak ripeness overlapping. The sweet of strawberries and the tart of rhubarb are a time-tested, palate pleasing combo that means the spring season is full and almost ready to transition to summer. Peach rhubarb is also a stellar combo later in the summer!! Considering Wisconsin food culture has a large overlap with Scandinavian food culture, it is no surprise both have a penchant for rhubarb desserts of all types… rhubarb tarts like this one, rhubarb pudding, etc. It is used much the way tart cherries are.

Rhubarb!! Although stems are tart and yummy, leaves are excessively high in oxalate, and rather bitter.

When I look up recipes for rhubarb dessert, though, it seems they tend to have almost as many cups of sugar as they do rhubarb. Gross; this is completely unnecessary and hides the flavors of the season under a mask of refined sugar. This simple recipe has no refined sugar- sweetnesss comes from Stevia or fruit. You can pick up a Stevia plant at Edgewater Home and Garden at this time of year. I love them; at the end of the season I bring my Stevia plant inside for winter baking. My plant did die, though, when I went on vacation…. I came back and harvested all the dry leaves though and use them to sweeten oatmeal or tea or anything else for which I would otherwise use sugar.

Ingredients

2 cups of chopped strawberries

2 cups of chopped rhubarb

1/2 tsp vanilla extract

3 oz dried apricots, diced (about a half cup)

3 stevia leaves, minced* (see note)

1/4 c orange juice

dusting of coconut sugar

Crust- 1/2 c dates, 1/2 c walnuts or pecans

* If you don’t have a Stevia plant in your yard, there are a few options for replacing this ingredient. 1. Powdered Stevia. If you have pure powdered Stevia, that stuff is powerful and a small dash (less than an eighth of a teaspoon) will flavor this whole recipe; it’s easy to use too much. Most Stevia powders have fillers, though, exactly for this reason. If you have Stevia in the Raw packets, 3 will work. If you have a watered down Stevia powder with fillers, most would sufficiently flavor the dish with 1.5 tsp. May have to flavor to taste, though …. this is definitely the wild card ingredient in this recipe, but Stevia is worth learning how to use to replace an unhealthy ingredient with a healthy one in a lot of recipes.

Directions

1. Preheat oven to 400 degrees.

2. Combine all filling ingredients except coconut sugar. Put mixture into a greased 9 inch pie pan or glass (I used coconut oil; I would stick with either a flavorless oil like avocado or a nutty oil considering it is a dessert like coconut or pecan or hazelnut oil, etc.).

3. Dust with coconut sugar.

4. Combine nuts and dates in a food processor. Process on “high” until crumbly; this may take several minutes.

5. Sprinkle the date-nut crumble into the fruit filling.

6. Cover with aluminum foil and bake in preheated oven for 30-40 minutes. Uncover in the last 5-10 minutes to brown the topping (I left mine in the picture uncovered for too long thus the burned sections…)

7. Enjoy!

Totally ok to double the recipe and have more for later/freeze as well. This dessert didn’t raise my sugar appreciably when I ate a 3/4 cup serving.

Almond butter banana with berries- first of a no refined sugar desserts series

Simplest no false or added sugars dessert

Take a banana, cut it in half, coat in almond butter, stick some fruit on top. My personal fave on top is sweet dark cherry halves, like Bing cherries. I could go more into it, but it’s really that simple. It takes a minute to create at most.

Health benefits of all ingredients:

1. First of all, congratulations on not using sugar in your dessert. Sugar causes unnecessary inflammation (the basis of all disease), messes with your metabolism, and just in general wreaks havoc on the body, whether it comes through soda, candy or dessert.

2. Berries: one of the best things you can put in your body. They are full of fiber, micronutrients like anthocyanins and polyphenolic compounds and plenty of vitamins. Increased consumption linked to all kinds of good things: with slowed cognitive decline in the elderly, cancer prevention and destruction,

3. Bananas: potassium, manganese, magnesium, iron, folate, niacin, riboflavin, calcium, and B6.

4. Almond butter: although almonds are caloric because of all the fat they contain, it is a “good fat” that lowers serum blood cholesterol levels instead of raising them, perhaps because it is linked to other phytonutrients like fiber and plant sterols. Used in moderation, nuts and seeds of all kind are heart healthy, help absorb any nutrients eaten along with them (the fat helps the nutrients cross the mucosal barrier in GI tract easier), improve cholesterol levels, have lots of micronutrients like vitamin E and Several B vitamins, etc. Compare this type of fat to the fat found in fries or animal sources that has no associated micronutrients, worsens blood cholesterol levels, and causes vascular problems.

This is the idea with healthy desserts. If you can choose things like fruit sorbets without added sugar or other dishes that use fruit that is loaded with nutrients instead of empty calories without any nutritional benefit like most desserts on the market, this can only do good things.

Three easy recipe switches for full flavor without saturated fat or excessive calories (heart-healthy recipe switches)

Celeriac, Fennel and Apple Chowder from The Complete Vegetarian Cookbook by America’s Test Kitchen –> sub pureed macadamia nuts for heavy cream

Saturated fat is the source of a lot of great flavors, but also the source of a lot of disease.  

Saturated fat is solid at room temperature, like butter and lard.  However, it’s not necessary to make a choice between flavor and health.  The message of my blog and practice remains the same when it comes to the flavors we get from saturated fat; you can approach recipe changes with joy and excitement at how good it tastes rather than feeling like you are giving something up.  Most people just need an increased awareness of what’s out there.

Quick primer on the different types of fat, their sources and how they affect your health:

  • High levels of macronutrients- sugar or fat rather than micronutrients like vitamins are minerals- are typically bad for you.  Some fats are worse for you than others.
  • An extreme example of how a fatty meal can affect arterial health is “post-prandial angina,” or chest pain after a fatty meal, which was first described over 200 years ago by William Heberden.  There has even been research done in which arteries were shown to harden after people consumed fat.  This happened both after high-fat meals were eaten, and after fat was infused into the blood stream in an attempt to bypass the brain and GI system to see if it was due to the fat in the blood alone causing hardened arteries or some other factor in the body.
  • If one high-fat meal can cause chest pain in people with pre-existing arterial disease, imagine what a lifetime of high fat consumption can do for your baseline arterial health.  We know high fat diets worsen risk factors for coronary artery disease and associated arterial disease. 
  • We also know that eating a low fat vegan diet can reverse heart disease, EVEN in people who are so bad off they are getting ready to have coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or surgery.   This is a surgery cracks open the chest at the sternum, takes veins from the leg and sews them around blocked coronary arteries in the heart.  There is actually a lifestyle program that is so successful, it is Medicare-approved to reverse disease with lifestyle instead of surgery.  This cardiac rehab program created by Dean Ornish, MD, that focuses on stress reduction, exercise, and a very lowfat diet.
  • HOWEVER, there are some types of plant fats that REDUCE cholesterol, like fats from avocados and nuts.  Polyunsaturated and monounsaturated (liquid at room temperature) tend to cause less problems in our body than the saturated variety.
  • So what are the easy ways to increase fiber and nutrients while decreasing fat or choosing healthier forms of fat?

1. Switch sources of nutrient-poor saturated fat, like cream, butter, or cheese, for nuts.

Health benefits of Nuts:  Nuts are rich in high-quality protein, fiber, minerals, tocopherols, phytosterols, vitamin E, vitamin B6, folate, and phenolic compounds.  Honestly, there isn’t much nuts do that’s not absolutely fantastic for you.  Epidemiologic studies have linked nut consumption with reduced rates of heart disease and gallstones, as well as beneficial effects on hypertension, cancer, and inflammation….  So basically reduces risk of everything bad. 

Compare this with the increased rates of obesity and heart disease linked with the ingredient you are using nuts to replace, and it’s easy to see why this is a good change to make.

Best types of nuts to use and how to use them: For a buttery taste, I like to use roasted pecans (see Pumpkin Spice Pudding post).  For a creamy taste, I like to soak cashews or macadamia nuts for about 8 hours (during a workday or overnight, depending on when you need them), then pureeing them in a food processor.  Any type of nut butter (almond, walnut, etc.) can easily replace butter on a peice of toast.  Here is a simple, 4 ingredient recipe: Vegan Parmesan Cheese,

Here is an example of using nuts to replace cream and butter in a recipe.  This is a recipe from America’s Test Kitchen cookbook, Vegetarian style.  It was a chowder that called for heavy cream; I replaced the heavy cream with pureed macadamia nuts, and it was heavenly.  No one who tried it could tell a difference.

Ingredients

2 Tablespoons Pecan oil (original recipe called for butter)

1 onion, cut into half inch pieces

1 fennel bulb, 1 tablespoon fronds minced, stalks discarded, bulb halved, cored and cut into 1/2 inch pieces.

Salt and pepper

6 garlic cloves, minced

2 teaspoons minced fresh thyme or 3/4 tsp dried

2 tablespoons all purpose flour

1/2 cup dry white wine

1.5 c water

4 cups vegetable broth

1 celery root (14 oz), aka celeriac, peeled and cut into 1/2 inch pieces

12 oz red potatoes, unpeeled, cut into 1/2 inch pieces

1 Golden Delicious apple, peeled and shredded

1 bay leaf

1 (3-inch) strip orange zest

1/4 c macadamia nuts w/enough water to cover in a blended

  1. Saute pecan oil, onion, fennel for 5 to 7 minutes over medium heat.
  2. Stir in garlic and thyme and cook until fragrant (30 sec), then stir in flour and cook for 1 minute.  Stir in wine and cook until almost evaporated (1 min).
  3. Stir in broth, water, celery root, potatoes, apple, bay leaf, and orange zest and bring to a boil.  Reduce heat to low, partially cover, and simmer gently until stew is thickened and vegetables are tender, 35-40 min.
  4. Turn off heat, discard bay leaf and orange zest.  Puree 1/4 c macadamia nuts with enough water to cover.  When it takes on a creamy consistency, add 2 cups of vegetable mixture, puree until smooth, then combine with the rest of the stew.  Stir in fennel fronds, season w/salt and pepper to taste, then serve.

2. Incorporate beans or squash in a recipe for creaminess instead of using cream or butter.

Health benefits of beans:  The consumption of beans and other legumes is also associated with a slimmer waistline and can help lower the risk of heart diseasediabetes, and some forms of cancer.  The healthiest societies in the world (known as Blue Zones) that have the most centenarians and the least rates of disease will regularly eat 3 servings of beans per day.

Best types of beans to use and how to use them:

  • White varieties of beans like cannelini and Great Northern become creamy very easily in the food processor.  Garbanzo beans, though, tend to remain a bit grainy- think of the texture of their most famous dish, hummus.  That dish has creaminess added with Tahini, or sesame seed butter, but still is typically more grainy than the first varieties I mentioned when pureed. 
  • Example recipes (click on the following to be taken to the website with the recipe)_: The Ultimate Vegan Cheese Sauce

Health benefits of squash: high in fiber, high in healthy plant phytonutrients/antioxidants/carotenoids.

Best types of squash to use and how to use them:  The creamiest varieties of squash (in my opinion) are butternut, buttercup, and delicata.  Here are some example recipes: Butternut Squash Mac and Cheese, Butternut Squash Soup, Butternut Squash Instant Pot Nacho Cheese Sauce.

3. Learn how to use Nutritional Yeast

Health Benefits of Nutritional Yeast: huge amounts of protein, fiber, and B-vitamins, while not really containing many calories.  It has been shown to boost immune function, lower cholesterol, and has antibacterial and antiviral properties.

What it is and how to use it:  Nutritional yeast is made by growing S. cerevisiae  (the same variety of yeast used to make beer, bread and kombucha) on a sugar-rich molasses medium. Then, it is deactivated with heat, washed, pasteurized, dried, and crumbled.  It’s almost always fortified with nutrients, particularly B vitamins, before ending up on store shelves. Unfortified versions are also available.

REFRAIN from this ingredient, though, if you have Crohn’s Disease or gluten intolerance.  If you have gluten intolerance, may need to do some extra digging to see how it was cultured, as many varieties of nutritional yeast are grown using gluten-containing substrates. If you find varieties that aren’t cultured this way, though, you are likely safe to consume it.

Nutritional Yeast was an ingredient in many of the recipes I linked to, above.  You can also just sprinkle it on top of things like popcorn the way you would cheese shreds.  Here are a few other example recipes: Oil-free lemon basil pesto, Healthy Mushroom Fettucini Alfredo, Nut and Oil Free Vegan Cheese Sauce, Vegan Tofu Feta Cheese,Cranberry and Thyme Vegan Cheese Ball.

Healthy Sugar Replacements

Sorry this post ended up being finished later than I expected!  I thought I would finish it two weeks ago but it just got finished today.  Oh well it’s here now.

Although sugar-based foods and meals continue to hold a nostalgic place in my heart regarding treats at holidays with family, I am not excited about actual sugar, as it is the basis of a lot of disease, weight gain and heartache.  “All of our biological systems for regulating energy, hunger and satiety get thrown off by eating foods that are high in sugar, low in fiber and injected with additives. And which now, shockingly, make up 60 percent of the calories we eat,” Michael Hobbes noted in a Huffington post article titled “Everything You Know About Obesity is Wrong.” I don’t really like fake sugar, either, like aspartame…. It had a super sketchy introduction to the food marketplace, and long-term studies done since that time have not been reassuring.  Aspartame breaks down into formaldehyde in the body, and has been linked to increased risk of leukemia in men in the longest term study (22 years) performed on this question, although in shorter studies (8 weeks or 5 years) this link has not been found.  Aspartame has also been linked to various neurological issues like depression, headaches, and even

So what to do?  Use natural sources of sweetness that are good for you.  It’s not a myth; see below.

Healthy sources of sweetness

Stevia

img_5977

Stevia promotes gut microbiome health (good gut bacteria which has a host of other downstream health effects that are positive) and has been shown to lower blood pressure through metanalyses (a collection of studies that gives a better idea of the outcome of a question rather than a single study alone) and through single studies.

I like to grow a plant outside during the summer and bring it inside, chopping off leaves as I need them.  This ends up being less sweet than using the extract, and using fresh green leaves to sweeten my coffee or whatever just sounds healthy.  The last recipe I made with fresh stevia leaves was chopping up local apples, adding stevia and a pumpkin spice blend, and sauteeing in coconut oil with a fire-finish with rum.

Sugar alcohols like Erythritol, xylitol and sorbitol – these are all sweeteners that originate from plants but do not have the calories or blood sugar raising capacities of sugar like fructose or glucose. In fact they REDUCE tooth decay instead of encouraging it like sugar does. They stimulate sugar receptors on the tongue, but are not associated with the detrimental health affects ascribed to aspartame or saccharine. However, in very large doses they can have a laxative effect and cause diarrhea. What dose is too large? This effect is noticed in smokers who quit smoking and chew sugar free gum all day to relieve the oral fixation from smoking. So having it in a single meal or serving size shouldn’t caused the laxative effect, but having it in everything you eat that day will be uncomfortable.

Erythritol is found naturally in pears and grapes. This low-calorie sweetener can be made industrially by having yeast produce it. It has been shown to have antioxidant effects (anti-aging effects associated with compounds in fruits and vegetables that protect them from the sun), and seems to be a prebiotic, or food source for good gut bacteria.

Xylitol was a molecule originally found in hardwoods and corn cobs, but can be produced industrially by yeast as well. It doesn’t have the same health benefits as erythritol from what research I found, but it is not as harmful as sugar.

Monk Fruit Extract– this is a sweetener from China and it has been extolled in Chinese medicine for various benefits, but there hasn’t been large research studies I know of proving these benefits. It has similar delayed effects on blood sugar- but not direct effects on blood sugar- like the sugar alcohols described above. Better than sugar, but not as good as berries, dried fruit, or other whole plants as a sweetener. No ill effects noted, though.

Maca Powder– Maca has a slight coconut flavor and tastes amazing as a sweetener in macaroons. I prefer it for baking or smoothies rather than as a mix-in sweetener for drinks because unless it is mixed well in a blender or baked- good recipe, it doesn’t tend to combine. If I try to mix it in to coffee, for example, it just won’t unless I am blending my coffee drink for some reason. But again, works well in baked goods and smoothies. There are a lot of health benefits ascribed to Maca and it even has “superfood” designation… but a good portion of the health claims of Maca are not supportable by current scientific evidence. So maybe it is an “adaptogen” (a term used for “whatever your body needs, this product gives it to you!” that I am wary of in health food circles), but I don’t have a lot of evidence to support this. What I do know is that it is high in protein, fiber, calcium and magnesium, all important nutrients. It is also a part of the Cruciferous Vegetable family, which has been shown to reduce cancer risk in vivo because of an active ingredient called sulfurophane. It also doesn’t raise blood sugar anywhere close to what sugar does.

Summer Ratatouille

… aka do not let perfect be the enemy of good, and oh its so gooood….

Ratatouille is a Mediterranean recipe from the south of France. Despite the fact it is French cuisine, it is more of a throw-the-gloriousness-of-summer-produce-into-a-pot type of recipe than an haute couture follow-it-to-a-T recipe like you might expect of French cuisine.I am often making iterations of this recipe throughout the summer. The one thing that happens in each of those recipes is a combination of lemon juice, fresh dill and basil from the garden, freshly ground black pepper, and balsamic vinegar (or white wine vinegar instead of balsamic or an 18 year aged balsamic if you need to avoid sugar). As long as all those ingredients are present in sufficient amounts, put whatever you need to get rid of along with onions and garlic, and you are set. For us, we had a plethora of zucchini, tomatoes, and yellow squash this year. We would mix that with some canned beans to give it more of a stick-to-your-Ribs quality, and never got tired of it.

Chia Seed Pudding for dessert… or Breakfast…

Chia seed pudding is a tapioca-like pudding that gets its consistency from a type of soluble fiber in the chia seed called mucilage.  What a weird sounding name!  But! I am always talking about the benefits of getting soluble fiber into the diet, and here’s a tasty way to do that that could be considered dessert OR something for the breakfast meal that will set you up feeling full all day rather than setting you up for sugar highs and lows the way most sugary breakfast cereals and yogurts will.  Also, you can make this at the beginning of the week and have healthy breakfasts all week with little to no effort.

The chia seed absorbs water readily because of this fiber, so the OTHER thing to remember is that chia seeds aren’t supposed to be eaten raw.  It is better to put them in a recipe where they can absorb water BEFORE you eat them, otherwise it may be uncomfortable for them to be absorbing water/expanding in your stomach and GI tract.  Haven’t ever eaten them raw, but I’ve heard it’s pretty uncomfortable.

Health benefits of soluble fiber

  • Promotes release of leptin, the hormone that makes you feel satiated/full
  • Promotes healthy gut bacteria
  • Other than that… honestly it’s hard to pin down exactly, but it’s probably good.  Let me explain: people who eat high-fiber diets tend to have lower rates of most diseases I can think of (cancer, diabetes, heart disease, cholesterol to name a few).  But often times if they test out the health benefits of taking a fiber supplement alone, and not getting fiber through healthy food, people don’t achieve the same benefits.  Foods that contain fiber, like chia seeds, fruits, and vegetables are healthy and show reduced rates of disease, whereas fiber supplements may lower cholesterol a bit but really don’t really have the same effects as eating the whole foods.

Health benefits of chia seeds

  • Contain cancer-fighting compounds like lignans
  • High in anti inflammatory omega-3 fatty acids; high in antioxidants, vitamins and minerals
  • Vitamins and minerals it is rich in: calcium, phosphorous, magnesium, manganese, copper, zinc, iron and niacin.
  • Also high in the macronutrient protein

So let’s get to this easy, healthy recipe!

 

Chia Seed Pudding

Prep time: <10 min of actually doing things, but will need to sit for at least 4 hours to create pudding consistency.

Serves: 4 generous servings

Ingredients

  • 2 cups of almond or coconut milk (lowfat dairy milk could also be used, but then may need to add almond flavoring)
  • 1/2 cup of chia seeds (found in most grocery stores including Wal-Mart, Aldi)
  • 1/2 tsp vanilla extract
  • 1/2 tsp cinnamon
  • If you have problems with processing sugar (sugar addiction, diabetes), use: 2 tsp sugar replacement containing stevia or monk fruit extract.  If no issues with this, then 2 tsp honey or maple syrup.
    • The link above goes to my favorite sugar replacement- it can be used in the same quantities you would use sugar, tastes sweet, and is relatively non-processed, but doesn’t spike blood sugar like sugar does or cause reactions the way some people get to saccharine/aspartame/etc.
    • If you are using actual Stevia, this is incredibly sweet, and only 1/4-1/2 tsp would be necessary.  Stevia is a South American plant that has very sweet-tasting leaves but doesn’t raise blood sugar the way real sugar does.

Directions

  1. Combined almond milk, chia seeds, been no and sweetener in a ball.  Mix well until combined in the mixture begins to thicken.  Store covered in the refrigerator overnight or for 4 hours.
  2. Stir well, then serve topped with fresh or frozen/thawed fruit and whatever else sounds yummy and is healthy… roasted pecans, toasted coconut, etc. 

  3.  

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